Vegetable Seeds Catalogue

Chicory and Endive

Chicory Family – endive, escarole, radicchio, dandelion (Chicorium sp.)

Sds/g:     500-900                 Feed Requirements: Low                   Usual Seed Life: 4 years

 

Cultural Notes:

  • Generally, the chicory family grows best in cool weather (Italian dandelion can be grown successfully year-round though) and frosts enhance their flavour. Hot weather can make them extremely bitter, while frosts make them tastier and less bitter.
  • If you love your chicories and want some in spring grow the earlier/faster-maturing varieties, leave the heading varieties for autumn and winter harvest as they are slower growing and will taste very bitter if planted in spring.
  • Escarole is the most mild of the chicories. There are leaf and heading varieties.
  • Sow seed 1 cm deep in rows 45 cm apart. Thin leaf varieties to 8 – 10 cm. February sowings of heading varieties should be thinned to 45 cm and late March/early April to about 30 cm.

Problems:

  • Over-wintered crop may rot or suffer from moulds and mildews if there is a lot of rain, so if you live in a wet area keep them covered or at least well spaced and in a spot with good air circulation.

Harvest:

  • Harvest leaf as required and/or for heading varieties harvest when there is a tight head.
  • From an autumn sowing harvest or pull plants before the weather warms up and the plants start running to seed.
  • Some endives can be blanched by tying the leaves up or placing a box (eg. Belgian Witlof)

Sowing periods

Cool Climate Periods
Sep 1st to Feb 27th
Temperate Climate Periods
Sep 1st to Apr 30th
Tropical & Sub-Tropical Climate Periods
Mar 1st to Jun 30th
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1 pkt
A$3.50
Botanical Name
Cichorium intybus

Stunning red ribs and deep green leaves make this chicory a real eye-catcher. Chicory is a must for any mesclun mix or Italian salad as it adds great flavour and colour. Chicory is only slightly more bitter than a cos lettuce and is a great salad green during cooler weather. Frost and drought tolerant it does well in most soils as well as pots. 500 seeds.

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1 pkt
A$3.50
Botanical Name
Cichorium intybus

Famous for the forced, blanched heads (chichons) that are loved by gourmets for their flavour and are used either cooked or raw in salads. In autumn when the roots are size the of a parsnip, lift from the ground and trim leaves to within 3-5cm of the root. Dig a trench 15cm deep in the garden and replant the roots upright side by side and re-cover with either soil or sand. Finally cover with a drum or box to exclude all light. Or plant in pots, keep soil moist, cover to prevent light and place indoors. The chichons will be ready to use in 8-12 weeks. 400 seeds.

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1 pkt
A$3.50
Botanical Name
Cichorium intybus

Also known as Italian dandelion. A high yielding super tasty chicory with long, slender deeply cut leaves & white mid-ribs. A pleasant bitter European green that is a must for any Mesclun mix or Italian salad, also tasty lightly steamed. An essential salad green all year round as it handles light frost & has some drought tolerance. Reputed to help detox the liver when cleansing. Harvest young or full sized leaves as needed. 400 seeds.

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Botanical Name
Cichorium intybus

A large leaf chicory that is not so bitter but has a sweetness to the crisp, tender green leaves (hence the name sugarloaf). Leaves can be picked young or when mature as a whole head. The inside leaves of the mature plants self blanche. While this can be grown year round, it’s often grown through the winter months as an alternative to lettuce as it handles colder/wetter conditions. 300 seeds.

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1 pkt
A$3.50
Botanical Name
Cichorium endiva

A perfect mix of fine (endive) and broader (escarole) leafed European greens. These mildly bitter greens grow well through the cooler months. While these varieties all have slightly different maturing dates for a full head harvest, leaves can harvested as kitchen demand requires. Grows well in fertile, moist soil with plenty of sun. 60 seeds.

Image
1 pkt
A$3.50
Botanical Name
Cichorium endiva

A useful salad plant for the cooler months, able to tolerate damp autumn and winter nights. Endives grow well in fertile, moist soil with plenty of sun and extra lime if the soil is acid. Can be sown directly in early spring and mid to late summer or grow in punnets and transplant into the garden. 300 seeds

 

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1 pkt
A$3.50
Botanical Name
Cichorium endiva

A miniature French heirloom variety with narrow finely curled leaves. A delicate flavour, especially when leaves are harvested young. For a fuller flavour harvest the older leaves. Eat raw in salads or lightly cook. For a sweeter taste, blanch the interior by bundling up the outer leaves while growing and secure with an elastic band. Endive prefers fertile, moist soil with plenty of sun. 250 seeds.

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Botanical Name
Cichorium endiva

The classic French frisée endive. A smaller endive with a great mild flavour that is essential to any great European salad mix. The green leaves are deeply serrated, with many blanched leaves at the heart. 100 seeds.

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Botanical Name
Cichorium endive

A large, luscious endive with wavy, curled leaves. Harvest leaves young or when it matures with loose, large heads that have green and white leaves and tender, tasty white midribs. Great flavour. A variety that is easy to blanche/whiten by simply tying the leaves together or cover with fabric. 300 seeds.